2006 U.S. App. LEXIS 12372; 2006 WL 1345248; 97 A.F.T.R.2d (RIA) 2484
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee, v. BRYCE W TOWNLEY, individually and as Trustee for Bryce and Charlene Townley Living Trust; CHARLENE R TOWNLEY, individually and as Trustee for Bryce and Charlene Townley Living Trust, Defendants - Appellants, and BRUCE ALDEN BANISTER, Trustee for Beaver Valley Trust; DANIEL SIDEBOTTOM; JOHN DOE; GEORGE BARTH; BEAVER VALLEY TRUST, Defendants.
UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THE NINTH CIRCUIT
May 4, 2006, Argued and Submitted, Seattle, Washington
May 17, 2006, Filed
NOTICE: [*1] RULES OF THE NINTH CIRCUIT COURT OF APPEALS MAY LIMIT CITATION TO UNPUBLISHED OPINIONS. PLEASE REFER TO THE RULES OF THE UNITED STATES COURT OF APPEALS FOR THIS CIRCUIT.
PRIOR HISTORY: Appeal from the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Washington. D.C. No. CV-02-00384-RHW. Robert H. Whaley, Chief District Judge, Presiding.
COUNSEL: For UNITED STATES OF AMERICA, Plaintiff - Appellee: James A. McDevitt, Esq., USSP - OFFICE OF THE U.S. ATTORNEY, Spokane, WA; W. Carl Hankla, Esq., U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, Tax Division, Washingon, DC; Charles Bricken, Esq., Frank P. Cihlar, Attorney, Richard Farber, Esq., Francesca U. Tamami, Esq., DOJ - U.S. DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE, Tax Division, Washington, DC.
For BRYCE W TOWNLEY, individually and as Trustee for Bryce and Charlene Townley Living Trust, CHARLENE R TOWNLEY, individually and as Trustee for Bryce and Charlene Townley Living Trust, Defendant - Appellant: Alan Stuart Richey, Esq., Port Hadlock, WA.
For DANIEL SIDEBOTTOM, Defendant: Daniel Sidebottom, S. Africa.
For John Doe, No appearance, No Appearance.
For GEORGE BARTH, Defendant: No appearance, No appearance.
JUDGES: Before: REINHARDT, McKEOWN, and CLIFTON, Circuit [*2] Judges.
OPINION: MEMORANDUM *
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* This disposition is not appropriate for publication and may not be cited to or by the courts of this circuit except as provided by 9th Cir. R. 36-3.
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Before: REINHARDT, McKEOWN, and CLIFTON, Circuit Judges.
Defendants Bryce and Charlene Townley appeal the district court's grant of summary judgment in favor of the government. We affirm.
The district court did not err in holding that the Townleys transferred their real property into the Beaver Valley Trust in violation of the Washington Uniform Fraudulent Transfers Act. The Townleys' repeated admissions that they transferred property to the Trust in order to avoid potential future creditors provide direct evidence of fraud. Further, by demonstrating that the property transfer was. characterized by multiple badges of fraud, the government also showed compelling circumstantial evidence of fraud. Therefore, the government provided the requisite clear and satisfactory proof that the Townleys possessed an actual intent to hinder, [*3] delay or defraud a creditor under the UFTA. R.C.W.A § 19.40.041(a)(1); see also Sedwick v. Gwinn, 73 Wn. App. 879, 873 P.2d 528, 531 (Wash. App. 1994); Clearwater v. Skyline Construction Co., Inc., 67 Wn. App. 305, 835 P.2d 257, 264-67 (Wash. App. 1992).
The Townleys also argue that collateral estoppel or, alternatively, res judicata precludes the government from bringing the foreclosure action altogether. This argument is without merit. Neither the claims nor the issues litigated and decided in the bankruptcy proceedings were identical to those raised before the district court. While the court determined that the residential property was not part of the estate, it did not discuss whether the real property parcels had been fraudulently transferred from the estate or whether the Trust should be considered a distinct legal entity. See Kourtis v. Cameron, 419 F.3d 989, 994 (9th Cir. 2005); Mpoyo v. Litton Electro-Optical Systems, 430 F.3d 985, 987 (9th Cir. 2005). Further, the record suggests that the IRS was precluded from meaningfully participating in the bankruptcy proceeding such that it was unable to assert its unique interests before the [*4] court, even had it desired to do so.
Finally, the Townleys argue that the action is barred because the government failed to obey administrative procedures and exhaust applicable administrative remedies. As noted by the district court, this claim is frivolous. The IRS is permitted to prepare substitute Form 1040 tax returns. See 26 U.S.C. § 6020(b)(1) (If any person fails to make any return required by any internal revenue law or regulation . . . the [IRS] shall make such return from his own knowledge and from such information as he can obtain through testimony or otherwise.); see also Rapp v. Commissioner, 774 F.2d 932, 935 (9th Cir. 1985). Similarly, the IRS did not err in failing to produce a 23C Assessment Certificate. We have repeatedly held that a Form 4340 Certificate of Assessment and Payment, complete with an assessment date, is alone sufficient to establish that a tax assessment was properly made. See Koff v. United States, 3 F.3d 1297, 1298 (9th Cir. 1993) ([When provided with Forms 4340,] which set forth all the information th[e] regulation requires, [taxpayers] have already been given all the document [*5] to which they are entitled by section 6203.).